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  • Writer's pictureDany Goldraij

Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement Between Israel And Latin American Countries

Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement
Israel mission abroad LATAM

Trade agreements between Israel and Latin American countries have significantly influenced the economic landscape, fostering a robust framework for bilateral trade and investment. The Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreements are a testament to Israel's strategic approach to enhancing its economic footprint in Latin America and reflect the region's openness to diversifying trade partners and leveraging Israel's technological prowess.

Israel-MERCOSUR Free Trade Agreement

One of the most significant trade agreements Israel has with Latin American entities is the one with MERCOSUR, a South American trade bloc comprising Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Venezuela (though Venezuela's membership has been suspended since 2016). Established in 2007 and enacted in 2010, this agreement marked Israel's first comprehensive free trade agreement with a major economic bloc outside the United States and the European Union.

Key Features:

  • Tariff Reductions: A phased reduction or elimination of tariffs across a broad spectrum of products, facilitating increased trade of goods including agricultural produce, textiles, and industrial products.

  • Trade Promotion: The agreement includes clauses aimed at promoting trade, encouraging bilateral investments, and removing trade barriers.

  • Economic Cooperation: It also fosters cooperation in areas such as technology transfer, research and development (R&D), and encourages collaboration in cultural and educational fields.

Israel-Mexico Free Trade Agreement

Signed in 1999, the Israel-Mexico Free Trade Agreement was pioneering for Israel in Latin America, significantly enhancing economic ties between the two countries. This agreement set a precedent for Israel's subsequent trade negotiations with other Latin American countries.

Key Features:

  • Comprehensive Coverage: The agreement covers trade in goods and services, investment, and intellectual property rights, aiming to create a conducive environment for business and investment between Israel and Mexico.

  • Market Access: It has facilitated increased market access for Israeli exports to Mexico and vice versa, particularly benefiting sectors such as electronics, machinery, medical equipment, and agriculture.

  • Bilateral Cooperation: The agreement encourages bilateral cooperation in various fields, including technological innovation and environmental protection.

Bilateral Agreements and Economic Cooperation

Beyond these multi-nation agreements, Israel has pursued targeted bilateral economic and trade agreements with other Latin American countries. These agreements often focus on specific sectors where Israel has a competitive advantage, such as technology, agriculture, and water management.

Key Areas of Cooperation:

  • Technology and Innovation: Israeli firms have found receptive markets in Latin America for technology solutions, including cybersecurity, medical technologies, and clean tech.

  • Agricultural Development: Leveraging its expertise in desert agriculture and irrigation, Israel has engaged in numerous cooperative ventures aimed at improving agricultural efficiency and productivity in Latin American countries.

  • Water Management: Given its experience in managing scarce water resources, Israel has become a key partner for Latin American countries seeking to improve their water management systems.

Impact on Trade and Investment

The trade agreements between Israel and Latin American countries have led to a discernible increase in trade volumes and diversification of traded goods. Israeli exports to the region have expanded beyond traditional sectors to include high-tech products and services, reflecting Israel's status as a "Start-Up Nation."

  • Increased Trade Volume: The agreements have directly contributed to an increase in bilateral trade, with countries within the MERCOSUR bloc and Mexico seeing notable growth in imports from and exports to Israel.

  • Investment Flows: These agreements have also facilitated cross-border investments, with Israeli companies investing in sectors such as agriculture, technology, and infrastructure in Latin America, and Latin American businesses seeking opportunities in Israel's vibrant tech ecosystem.

Challenges and Opportunities

Despite the success of these agreements, challenges remain. Regulatory hurdles, political instability in some Latin American countries, and logistical challenges pose obstacles to maximizing the potential of these trade relationships. However, the dynamic nature of both Israel's and Latin America's economies presents numerous opportunities for deepening economic ties.

Future Prospects:

  • Digital Economy: There is significant potential for cooperation in the digital economy, including fintech, e-commerce, and startups, areas where Israel's innovative capabilities can meet Latin America's growing demand.

  • Sustainability and Green Technologies: As global attention shifts towards sustainability, Israeli green technologies in renewable energy, water conservation, and sustainable agriculture offer promising areas for collaboration.

  • Cultural and Educational Exchanges: Strengthening cultural and educational ties can foster a better understanding and create a foundation for future economic partnerships.

Conclusion - Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement

The trade agreements between Israel and Latin American countries are more than just economic contracts; they are bridges connecting diverse cultures and economies, facilitating mutual growth and prosperity. As global economic patterns shift and new challenges emerge, these agreements offer a framework for adaptation and collaboration, ensuring that the relationship between Israel and Latin America continues to evolve positively.

With ongoing dialogue, mutual respect, and a shared commitment to innovation, the future of Israel-Latin America economic relations looks promising, offering a model of international cooperation and mutual development.

Israel Mission Abroad Central and South America

Antigua - Barbuda

Address: Avenida Pedro Henruquez Urena 80, La Esprerilla El Vergel, Santo Domingo 10107

Phone: 1 809 9201505




Address: Avenida De Mayo 701 Piso 10, Buenos Aires, Argentina 1084

Phone: 54 11 37244500



Bolivia - See Peru

Brazil - Brasilia

Address: S.E.S Av. Das-Nacoes Lote 38, Q 809, Brasilia CEP 70424900

Phone: 55 11 21270500



Brazil - Sau Paulo

Address: Rua James Joule, 92 - 11 Andar, Brooklyn - 04576 - 080

Phone: 55 11 21270500




Address: Alonso de Cordova 5320 piso 7 Las Condes Santiago

Phone: 56 22 7500500




Address: Edifico Torre 7-8, Calle 26, No. 57-83, PISO 7, Bogota

Phone: 57 1 3277500



Costa Rica

Address: Edificio Centro Colon, Paseo Colon, Calle 38, San Jose

Phone: 506 22216444



Dominican Republic

Address: Avenida Pedro Henriquez Urena 8, La Esperilla El Vergel, Santo Domingo 10107

Phone: 1 809 9201505




Address: Avenida La Coruna E25-58 Y San Ignacio, Altana Plaza , Piso 5, Quito - Ecuador

Phone: 593 2 3971500



El Salvador - See Costa Rica


Address: 13 Avenida 14-07, Zona 10, Guatemala City, Guatemala

Phone: 502 23635665



Honduras - See Guatemala


Address: Sierra Madre No. 215, Lomas De Chapultepec, 11000, Mexico D.F, Mexico City

Phone: 52 55 52011500




Address: Edificio P.H Torre Del Banco General, Piso 17, Panama City, Panama

Phone: 507 2084700



Paraguay - See Argentina


Address: Calle: Andres Reyes 437, San Isidro, Centro Empresarial Platinum Plaza 2, Piso 13, Lima, Peru

Phone: 51 1 4180500




Address: WTC 4, Dr. Luis Bonavita 1266, Floor 9, Montevideo

Phone: 598 2 6288733



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