Why Latin America is the world's most violent place in 2021
Updated: Jan 4
For over a decade, Latin America's homicide rate has been at least three times the global average. Why has the rest of the region failed to grasp these lessons?
Latin America is where the most murders in the world happen.
The region is highly urbanized, with roughly 85 percent of people living in cities and this has an important role in Latin America's levels of violence. Across the globe, homicidal violence tends to be hyper-concentrated in peripheral urban areas experiencing chronic disadvantage.
Cities, especially fast-growing ones, offer certain intrinsic opportunities for criminal activity (anonymity, for instance, prospective victims and dilapidated infrastructure), compounded by economic neglect and scarce basic services.
Many factors contribute to Latin America's homicide problem, among them the war on drugs, abundant unlicensed firearms, persistently unequal gender relations, and in Mexico and Central America, thousands of marginalized uprooted and sometimes convicted U.S. deportees.
Inequality is high on that list. Latin America is home to ten of the world's 15 most unequal countries, and while the relationship between inequality and violent crime is not causal, there is evidence of a strong correlation.
About Crime Indices
Crime Index is an estimation of the overall level of crime in a given city or a country. We consider crime levels lower than 20 as very low, crime levels between 20 and 40 as being low, crime levels between 40 and 60 as being moderate, crime levels between 60 and 80 as being high, and finally crime levels higher than 80 as being very high.
The safety index is, on the other way, quite opposite of the crime index. If the city has a high safety index, it is considered very safe.
Crime and the Coronavirus in Latin America - Update 2020
According to the Strifeblog Organization the COVID-19 pandemic not only represents a global public health crisis but has also created serious political and security challenges. In Latin America, legal and illicit economies alike have been hit hard by a massive slowdown in global production and consumption, leaving most organized crime groups unusually vulnerable and exposed. These conditions offer opportunities for governments to deal a considerable blow to these criminal networks that wield enormous amounts of power in their territories.
However, evidence from the region shows that criminals are rapidly adapting to the challenges of the pandemic and are in fact taking advantage of the overwhelmed state authorities to consolidate their power.
Lockdown measures have led to a general reduction in street crime and robbery as criminals become more conspicuous and their targets more scarce. El Salvador, the country with the highest homicide rate in the world, reported two days without murders immediately following the imposition of obligatory quarantine measures.
Lockdowns and border closures have also created new illicit business opportunities. The closing of borders on key migration routes has increased the demand for human smuggling services – and their profitability.
2019 - Update data for Crime Index & Growth Index & Health Index in Latin America
Elizabeth Gonzalez said on January 10, 2019 " What does 2019 have in store for Latin America’s economy? More uncertainty. A December report from the UN’s Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) warns that deteriorating financial conditions, global trade tensions such as the U.S.-China trade war, and a drop in crude oil prices will affect the economic prospects of emerging markets across the board. That said, Latin America’s GDP growth is expected to improve, from an estimated 1.2 percent in 2018 to 1.7 percent in 2019. But 2018 fell below ECLAC’s initial 2.2 percent projection for the region. The economies expected to perform the best this year are the Dominican Republic and Panama, with GDP growth at 5.7 and 5.6 percent, respectively. Venezuela will once again be the region’s worst performer, with a 10.0 percent GDP contraction. The other two countries that experienced a recession in 2018, Argentina and Nicaragua, will see drops in their GDP again of 1.8 percent and 2.0 percent, respectively, in 2019. "
The table has current values for GDP Growth Rate by country in Latin America 2012-2018.
The National Uniform Crime Report is published annually by the FBI and includes the crime index. The report includes a variety of criminal statistics
Health Index - 2019 - South America
Health Care Index is an estimation of the overall quality of the health care system, health care professionals, equipment, staff, doctors, cost, etc.
Health Care Exp Index - is aiming to show health care index such that it raises MORE (exponentially) if the health care system is of better quality. It is similar to a health care index, but it raises more exponentially.
Health Index - 2019 - by country
Health Index - 2019 - by city
2014. Doing Business with America Latina (LATAM)
In order to start doing business with Latin America, we need to have basic knowledge about the economic situation of Latin American countries.
I have collected the information from The Israel Export Institute, showing the growth of the major countries and the ability to doing business according to the Doing Business Index.
DG2MARKET: Turning opportunities into results.